Areas of early development and stimulation.. the areas of baby development

Areas of early development and stimulation:

Since they are in the womb, babies  require important stimuli  for  their   growth and development process.
Once they are born,  they need more stimulation  because that is when the process of formation of  skills or areas of development begins.

What are the areas of  baby development?

All babies  have a series of  innate abilities , which we know as reflexes, but there are others  that  are  acquired during the first years of life.

The process of acquiring these skills is known as  psychomotor development.
The latter  includes  language skills (linguistics) ; motor and socio-affective    

Psychomotor development is a process that, although it  has a similar sequence in all boys and girls , can occur at  a different pace  in each one.
Next, we are going to talk about each of the skills that make up this process: 

language skills:

The  linguistic area  is related to  the ability of the human being to communicate through sounds and  symbols.

This process begins in babies with  crying, then moans, babbling, gestures or movements  , and finally,  words.

Language  is a skill  that is learned  naturally  in the early years; girls and boys begin to speak in interaction with adults.

For this reason, it is important to talk  to them constantly, articulate the words well, sing to them and  name  each activity they carry out  or each object they manipulate.
In this way, children recognize the sounds of adult speech, and then imitate them .  

 motor skills:

The development of the motor area refers to all the senses and movements of children :  hearing, vision, touch, taste and smell.

Through interaction with the environment, girls and boys learn about the color, shapes, textures, sounds, taste and smell of things.
Motor development encompasses  gross motor development and fine motor development.

Gross motor development refers to the control of the general muscular movements of the body that leads children to be able to move around on their own. It includes, for  example, head control, sitting, turning, crawling, standing, walking, jumping, throwing a ball, among others.    

On the other hand, fine motor development refers to working with the group of small muscles that perform specific and highly controlled movements, such as the palms of the hands and the fingers.

These muscles allow you to lift objects, achieve eye-hand coordination (that is, between the eyes and the hands), speak, move your eyes and allow girls and boys to know the world and make contact with it.   

Socio-affective skills:

This area is  the ability of boys and girls to  recognize and express  their emotions and feelings.

It is very important because its development is what allows socialization and the establishment of affective bonds.      

What is early intervention?

Early stimulation  are exercises, games and activities developed with the baby in his first months and years of life that  aim to develop  and enhance brain functions.

Early stimulation serves to make the most of the baby's ability to learn and adapt  in a simpler, faster and more intense way  and its benefits are  physical, emotional and intellectual.